Natural Science - Ciencias Naturales 1st & 2nd E.S.O.

Natural Science is a subject which main objetive is to introduce our students in the amazing world of science by giving them the chance to learn the basic concepts that will let them to have a deeper approach in the third and fourth course.

The contents of both courses are:

First Course

Unit 1: The Earth,  a living planet:  An approach to the special characteristics of our planet which make it a singular place to live in.

Units 2 & 3: Animals: An overview about the different types of animals including vertebrates and invertebrates with their different types.

Unit 4: Plants and fungi: Other complex living beings which roles are really important for the sustainability of life on the Earth.

Unit 5: Cells and simple organisms:  The incredible structure of minuscule microscopic organisms.

Unit 6: The history of life:  Evolution of living beings. How life has developped along the geological time.

Unit 7 & 8: The Earth in the Universe. Planet Earth: Our planet and its mates: the Solar System. General structures of the Universe: Galaxies, Systems, planets and satellites. A deep study of the behaviour of our planet as a single system.

Unit 9 & 10: Rocks and minerals: Materials of our planet. Types and characteristics.

Unit 11 & 12: Hydrosphere and atmosphere: How work the fluid layers of the Earth.

Unit 13 & 14: Matter. Changes of state in matter: Microscopic structure of matter. Atoms & molecules. States of matter and general properties (density, viscosity, ....) Pure substances and mixtures.

Appendix: Chemical elements and periodic table of the elements

Second Course

 Unit 1: The basic form of life: the cell: What is a cell? How does it work? How many types are there?

Unit 2 & 3 & 4: Nutrition, relationship and reproduction of living beings: the three main functions of any living being which let them live and have descendants.

Unit 5 & 6: Ecosystems: An overview about the environment: how life is set on the planet and how it interacts with it.

Unit 7: Solar energy: a consideration about the importance of solar energy for our planet and all the species which live on it.

Unit 8 & 9: Dynamics of the Earth: Our planet is much more live than you think: its surface is continuously changing and inside it there are continuous changes.

Unit 10 & 11: Energy and heat: The concept of energy and its importance for human beings. Its production and distribution. Heat and temperature.

Unit 12: Light and sound: Another way to transfer energy: waves. Types and characteristics of waves. Two phenomena based on them: light and sound.

Unit 13: Matter and its dynamics: Microscopic structure of matter and a simple study of the movements and its causes.

Appendix: Chemical compounds: oxydes, hydrides and binary salts.

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